History of the Jewish people: The Biblical period (segment 5).

 

Abraham was born Av-ram (exalted father in Hebrew) around 1780 BC to the Habiru tribe, people from the city of Ur in western Babylon not far from where Kuwait is today. His father Terah (hard worker in Hebrew) and his brother Nahor (snorer in Hebrew) were successful “Elilim” merchants who worshipped local gods. Both the father and the older brother failed to apprentice young Av-ram to sell “Elilim” in Terah’s shop, probably because Av-ram was a spiritual boy and rumours of the one-God ware sweeping Ur. The incredible law-of-one sea people, now called the Hyksos, just left on their way to Egypt after leaving their Hebrew mark on Mesopotamia. (they conquered Egypt in 1792 BC). The new Babylonian king Hammurabi, who lived in Sippar about 40 miles north-west of Ur wrote a code of enlightened laws that influenced Av-ram to start planning his exit north from Ur in search Elohim (500 years later, many of these Hammurabi laws were incorporated by Moses into the Torah).  Ur at the time of Hammurabi was a minor kingdom with ancient Hebrew roots planted by the sea-people who gave rise earlier to the prospering Habiru tribe. In 1755 BC Av-ram married Sarai (Sarai means my female minister in Hebrew), a beautiful young princess, one of the daughters of the ruler of Ur. His exit strategy began with a caravan wedding trip west to Egypt to learn about El. Upon his return to Ur, he packed his family and sheep and left Ur to go to Hevron (friendship city in Hebrew) in Canaan, about 200 miles to the west. As soon as he and his extended family crossed (crossed=avru=Hebrew) the Euphrates near the place where the second Garden of Eden existed 3972 earlier, he heard a voice saying in Hebrew, lech lecha miartsitcha umimoladetcha... (leave your country, birth place and your father’s home and go to the land that I will show you. I will make you a great nation. I will bless those who bless you and curse those who curse you). I think, at that point, Av-ram experienced being overwhelmed by his visions. Instead of turning left towards Hebron 200 miles away, he turned north and walked 200 miles to Haran (today’s Syria) and turn left and walked 200 miles down south to Hevron. After 40 years of traveling from Ur, accumulating kids and wealth on the way and becoming a 99-year-old patriarch of big clan, he finally arrived in Hebron and bought burial land there. Av-ram was discouraged, but then a big event happened. At 100 and Sarai at 90, they had the promised son Itzhak (to laugh in Hebrew).  He celebrated by performing the brit bain habetarim sacrificial ritual, a permanent covenant with God who changed Avram’s name to Avraham (father of nations) and Sarai’s name to Sarah (a female government minister in Hebrew). From that moment on all Jewish babies would be circumcised at 8 days after birth (brit mila).. By the time Izhak had Yaakov and Yaakov had 12 sons and a daughter and children, the clan grew to 70 people. In 1650 BC they traveled to Egypt because of famine in Canaan and became slaves to the first pharaoh, not a Hyksos. In about 1270 BC they were 600,000 people, revolting against Ramses II. Soon, Moses took them out of Egypt to go back home to Canaan (today Jews all over the world celebrate Pesach to commemorate the Exodus from slavery to freedom). When Joshua conquered Canaan in 1230 BC they were still only 600,00 after 40 years in the Sinai desert, but now fierce nomads! By the time the Kingdom of David peaked in 975 BC the Hebrew people were a solid nation of 2 million people, about 2% of the world population at that time!

A silly story: “To jaw jaw is always better than to war war.”

Sir Winston Churchill was hungry after a long flight from London’s Heathrow airport. He didn’t like the food on the plane. I am going to eat at the White House in a few hours, I can wait, he said to himself. Winston was happy. He was invited by president Dwight Eisenhower to celebrate their incredible military victory over fascism for the third time. Dwight was his friend, but the president wasn’t a Statesman. He was a General. As the food was being served in the beautiful White House dining room, to distract himself from an increasing hunger pangs in the face of endless speeches and protocol, he turned to his host and said, “The Soviet Union was our friend in arms against Hitler but Communism now is our adversary.”

“Yeah, Winston, the Russians are coming, and I am tired of another war”

“Yes, Dwight, they are here to stay, I am afraid, the Soviets have just detonated their first nuclear bomb. We can’t conquer their country like we did to the Germans.”

“A mutual destruction scenario, ah?”

“Yes.”

“What are we going to do?”

“Well, to jaw jaw is always better than to war war.”

Dwight gave Winston an astonishing look. Reagan and Gorbachev were still kids playing Monopoly, not having any political power yet. I don’t know if you readers have heard of Jaw Jaw, but thirty-seven years later history verified in 1991 that what Winston said in 1954 in a While House luncheon was true. The Soviet Union collapsed. To jaw jaw is always better than to war war.

“What is to jaw jaw, someone asked me.”

“Psychological warfare, dude, psychological warfare.”

“What about Obama…can he do it to Iran”?

“Give me a break. Ever Netanyahu can’t do it to Ahmadinejad.”

“Is hard to do?”

“No, it’s is easy to do with unstable Iran”

“So we will have a war war and not a jaw jaw”?

“The main thing, Jew Jew, is to be strong strong and ready ready.”

History of the Jewish people: The transition period (Segment 4).

In the library of the university of Virginia Beach in Virginia there is a text of readings about the Sea People. These remarkable people who mastered the Bronze age are also mentioned in the Bible as the original Philistines! They built Tarshish and the Greek Acropolis before they brought the first pyramid to Egypt around 7000 BC. According to Edgar Cayce, the Sea People migrated east to the  Mediterranean area, especially Egypt and Canaan, from western regions in the islands of the Azores, Morocco, Atlas mountains, Spain and Greece during and after a giant flood that local legends described occurring 9000 years ago! They brough the bronze age to Canaan. Here it gets really interesting. Edgar Cayce describes a civil war within the sea people nation just before migrating east, probably triggered by flood stress, but more likely over religion.  You see, he says, half the people were monotheistic (the first worshipers of Elohim, not just sun worshipers like the Hyksos were). These insightful Sea People he calls “followers of the law-of-one,”  and opposing them were atheistic Sea People he calls the Bliel people (“without God” in Hebrew). Edgar Cayce did not know Hebrew. The Bliel people won the war and the believers in the one God escaped some to Greece in the west but mostly to Mesopotamia in the east, and from there to Egypt (first Dynasty), and then to Canaan. In the Torah they are considered the good Philistines, spared by Joshua during the conquest of Canaan. In Canaan they settled on the edge of the Sinai peninsula by the sea and built two cities – Gaza and Ashdod. In the Bible the sea people became known as the Philistines, the indigenous people of Canaan (Palestine is a Roman term derived from the word Philistine in the Bible) who were friends of Abraham who migrated from Ur in Mesopotamia to Canaan and bought land in Hebron near Gaza in 1800 (The time the Hyksos got to Egypt). The Bible say he became a close friend with his neighbor Abimelech, King of the Philistines. Later, the Philistines became corrupted by idol worship of the defeated tribes of Canaan, but when Abraham got there they were still monotheistic. About 500 years later, right after Moses time, in Genesis, God told Joshua to destroy all the idol worshiping tribes of Canaan, but spare the Philistines!  These incredible sea people who settled by the sea had a language that was not Hebrew but many ancient Philistine words were of Hebrew origin (or vice-versa, no way to know), such as Seren, a local leader (Seren is the rank of a captain in the Israeli army today), Baal (husband in Hebrew today), Dagon (small fish), Caphtor (Button in Hebrew), mishkeh (mashkeh is a drink in Hebrew, you see, the Philistines liked to have orgies and drink alcoholic beverages) Later in history, when the two Canaanite nations became enemies, Samson went to Gaza to have a drinking orgies with Delila their queen (read the Biblical story of tamut nafshi im plishtim). By that time the two Canaan nations became bitter enemies and fought a lot (aggravated today by being Muslim, although monotheistic!), the Philistines captured the Ark of the Covenant (Samuel 4:1-10) but David defeated the Philistines’ strongman Goliath. But in earlier times when Joshua entered Canaan, re-conquered Hebron (Abraham’s city) and Lachish near Gaza, the Philistines were their friends, that is why of all the Canaanite tribes ordered to be destroyed by Joshua the Israelite commander, the Bibles says the Philistines were spared! Both Peoples were monotheistic believing in one God at the time of Joshua, until the early Philistines were corrupted by the defeated heathen tribes of Canaan. The next segment will take you deeper into monotheism, how did Abraham really got it!